Check out the science heading to ISS on next SpaceX Crew Dragon flight

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Later this month SpaceX will send another cargo Dragon spacecraft to the International Space Station (ISS) loaded with supplies and science experiments.

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In a video (below) released this week, NASA sheds some light on the type of research going into space.

bioprinting bandages

science gear A handheld bioprinter destined for the space station this month involves a patient’s own skin cells to create patches of tissue forming to cover the wound to speed up the healing process.

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The technology, if proven effective, could be used to quickly heal skin injuries in space, although it could also be used by patients on Earth.

cancer drug delivery

Pharmaceutical company Merck is continuing a protein crystal growth study that could result in a more affordable and convenient way of delivering cancer treatment drugs via injection at the doctor’s office rather than intravenously in a clinical setting.

Astronauts at risk of infection

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After exploring how spaceflight can increase the virulence of potentially harmful microbes that can lead to weakened human immune function, the research was conducted by examining astronauts’ blood and saliva samples before, during, and after a mission. Will evaluate changes in immune status between

The results could help scientists better assess the risk that infectious microbes can pose to space crews, and lead to the creation of effective countermeasures. “A better understanding of how stress can impair immune function could improve care for people with compromised immune systems on Earth,” NASA said.

space food

This research will profile and monitor plant growth in microgravity conditions. It aims to learn more about how plants sense and adapt to changes in their environment so that scientists can create better systems for growing plants in space. “Plants can serve as an important part of human life support systems for long-duration space flight and habitat for the Moon and Mars,” NASA said.

For many years, astronauts aboard the ISS have been cultivating, harvesting and consuming a range of vegetables as part of experiments aimed at understanding and improving plant growth in space.

lunar laundromat

Procter & Gamble will test the effectiveness of Tide Infinity, which is described as a “fully degradable detergent specifically for use in space” so that astronauts on long-duration missions feel more comfortable in clean clothing. and avoid the shame of smelly socks. At the present time, clean clothes are sent on regular supply missions, but this will not be possible on long voyages.

“From a scientific point of view, the major challenges to off-planet laundering include strict requirements for compatibility with air purification systems, the limited amount of water available for each wash treatment, and the requirement that laundry water be returned to potable water. Water to be purified,” said Mark Civic, a research fellow at P&G.

Civic said that once Tide Infinity is proven in space, the technology behind it could be used to advance sustainable, low-resource-use laundry solutions on Earth.

parts in space

Crew members will test a manufacturing device that processes heat-resistant metal parts in micro-gravity conditions.

“Researchers expect more uniform microstructure and better mechanical properties in superalloy parts processed in microgravity than those processed on Earth,” NASA said. More advanced materials could improve turbine engine performance in industries including aerospace and power generation.

Students also have the opportunity to send science experiments to the ISS. NASA-funded experiments on the upcoming Cargo Dragon flight include one from Columbia University that will study antibiotic resistance in microgravity and another from the University of Idaho that will look at how microgravity affects bacteria-resistant materials.




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