How to Enable TPM and Secure Boot to Install Windows 11

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latest version Windows is finally here, but there’s a confusing new requirement if you want to upgrade from Windows 10: Your computer will need to enable a security feature called TPM. You’ve probably never heard of it by now, but your machine may already have it—it may be turned off by default. If you’re having trouble upgrading to another compatible device, a small switch may be to blame.

What are TPM and Secure Boot?
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Microsoft’s Windows 11 system requirements refer to a new requirement that was not present in previous versions of the operating system: a Trusted Platform Module (TPM). More specifically, it requires TPM 2.0, which was first released in 2014.

A TPM is sometimes a chip that is built directly into your device’s hardware, or—usually for consumer PCs—a type of firmware that supports your processor. TPMs are tamper-resistant, which makes it incredibly difficult for anyone to steal any data it stores or the cryptographic keys it generates.


The reliability and security of this chip form called “hardware root-of-trustEssentially, a TPM is an element that your system can always rely on to stay secure, such as a fireproof lockbox in your home where you store important documents. It enables security features that keep your computer safe. such as encrypting your storage drive or using a login such as fingerprint or facial recognition. This is only possible because there is a secure place on your computer to store encryption keys or biometric data that would otherwise be Will not be safe to store.

Secure Boot is one of the many features that TPM has upgraded. This feature prevents malware from running when you first turn on your computer, allowing only software that is cryptographically signed to run when you turn it on (though you can turn it off). if you need to)

Why is it needed for Windows 11?
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For all the confusion about this new requirement, it’s not really He new. Microsoft Requires TPM 2.0 in New Prebuilt PCs Manufactured from 2016 For desktops that run any version of Windows 10. If you’ve bought a Windows 10 device from a store in the past several years, there’s a good chance you’re already covered and you can install Windows 11 right now. just head to Settings > Windows Update > Check for Updates.

However, this still leaves a large number of computers in the market. For example, custom-built PCs may use motherboards and processors that do not include TPM or do not enable it by default. Many Windows devices are secure, but some are not and this makes it difficult to continuously roll out security features.

A prime example of this is Microsoft’s attempt to eliminate Passwords for Microsoft Accounts Completely. have passwords, the irony is that, difficult to remember for humans and often easier for attackers. The company has pushed password options that use an authenticator on your phone, biometric data, or even a PIN – if stored in a TPM – to be more secure and easier to use than passwords. It is possible.

While some of these features are possible on devices without a TPM, they are more secure if you have one. Requirement of TPM on all Windows 11 devices lets Microsoft set a security floor. The downside is that it can leave some people behind on otherwise capable computers. For Microsoft, it’s a tradeoff worth making.

How to turn on TPM and Secure Boot

Leaving old PCs behind when a new version of Windows arrives is nothing new, but this particular requirement has left many people confused as some computers needed It’s okay to be able to run Windows 11 that are supposedly incompatible.

That’s partly because early versions of the PC Health Check app, which is Microsoft’s downloadable tool that tells you whether your hardware is eligible for an upgrade, if TPM wasn’t enabled on your device, was simply a Error occurred. Fortunately, the latest version Will tell you if TPM is the problem. You may run into this problem if you built your own PC or got someone else to do it for you. multiple motherboards are TPM compatible, but some gaming motherboards skimp on convenience in favor of other bells and whistles.

First, look online to see if your motherboard model is TPM compatible. (You can find your model by tapping the Windows key and typing system information. it should be next system model.) If it is not compatible, there are several ways bypass the requirements, but it requires a little technical know-how And we don’t recommend it.

If this Is Compatible, you can enable it in your system’s UEFI (sometimes it is still referred to as BIOS, even though the term is largely deprecated) is low-level software that you can enter briefly when your computer is starting up for the first time. This can usually be accessed by pressing Delete or F12 when prompted during boot up.

The specific location to enable TPM in these settings will vary wildly by manufacturer, so you should check the manual that came with your computer or motherboard (you can find it online at the manufacturer’s website). Once here, you can also enable Secure Boot from the UEFI menu. If your system supports only firmware-based TPM, it may be referred to as IPPT (Intel Platform Protection Technology) if your computer has an Intel processor, or FTPM (Firmware Trusted Platform Module) for AMD processors. .

Once TPM is enabled, reboot your computer and try using the PC Health Check app again. If your computer is relatively new (that is, it has an 8th-gen Intel Core processor or newer, or an AMD Ryzen 2000-series processor or newer), there’s a strong chance that this was the only thing you needed in Windows 11. was preventing the upgrade.

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