Cutting corners: Previous stories have shown how Russia has made up for shortfalls in electronic components caused by international sanctions since it began its invasion of Ukraine. Recent discoveries in Ukraine show how far Russian producers have come.

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U.S. Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo spoke at a Senate hearing on Wednesday. quoted Ukrainians who found semiconductors from dishwashers and refrigerators in Russian tanks. Ukrainian officials say these are substitutes for components that Russian manufacturers cannot obtain due to international sanctions.

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Raimondo said US technology exports to Russia have fallen by nearly 70 percent since Russia launched its invasion in late February. What’s more, US Department of Commerce spokeswoman Robin Patterson said that supplies of components from the US to Russia have fallen by 85 percent over the past year. Raimondo said Ukraine’s findings prove that sanctions are successfully reducing Russia’s military effort.

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Complying with the sanctions, computer companies such as Intel, AMD, IBM, TSMC and GlobalFoundries are also has stopped sales of chips to Russia.

One response from Russia was close your eyes to the illegal import of electronics and components. Russia is also planning develop local production of microcircuits and reverse engineering of Western electronics. By 2030, the country wants to produce its own 28nm nodes. purchases old lithographic machines can make this goal unrealistic.

Russia is not the only organization that destroys household appliances to make up for the shortage of chips. Last month, ASML CEO Peter Vennick admitted that some companies are repurposing chips from washing machines to make up for the ongoing global chip shortage.