Tails will help you:

  • Surf the Internet anonymously and circumvent censorship
  • All Internet connections are forced to go through the Tor network
  • Leave no trace on the computer you use unless you explicitly ask for it.
  • Use the latest cryptographic tools to encrypt your files, emails and instant messaging.
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Tails is a living system whose purpose is to preserve your privacy and anonymity. It helps you surf the Internet anonymously and bypass censorship from almost anywhere and on any computer without leaving a trace unless you explicitly ask for it.

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It is a complete operating system designed to be used from a DVD, USB stick, or SD card, regardless of the computer’s original operating system.

Tails comes with several built-in applications pre-configured with security in mind: web browser, instant messaging client, email client, office suite, image and sound editor, etc.

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If you are interested in trying Tails on your current computer without any risk, check out our Tutorial: Running Linux from a USB Drive as a Virtual Machine or Boot Disk.

Online anonymity and censorship circumvention with Thor

Tails uses the Tor anonymous network to protect your online privacy:

  • all software is configured to access the Internet via Tor
  • if the application tries to connect directly to the Internet, the connection is automatically blocked for security reasons.

Tor is free software and an open network that helps you protect yourself from a form of network surveillance that threatens personal freedom and privacy, confidential business activities and relationships, and public security known as traffic sniffing.

Tor protects you by relaying your messages through a distributed network of relays run by volunteers around the world: it prevents anyone watching your Internet connection from knowing what sites you visit, and prevents the sites you visit from knowing your physical location.

With Tor, you can:

  • be anonymous online by hiding your location
  • connect to services that would otherwise be censored
  • counter attacks that block the use of Tor by using bypass tools such as bridges

What’s new

We are especially excited to introduce Tails 5.0, the first version of Tails based on Debian 11 (Bullseye). It contains new versions of many programs included with Tails and new OpenPGP tools.

New Features


  • We added Kleopatra to replace the OpenPGP applet and the Password and Keys utility, also known as Seahorse.
  • The OpenPGP applet was no longer actively developed and it was difficult for us to keep it in Tails. The Password and Keys utility was also poorly maintained, and so far Tails users have suffered from too many of its problems, such as #17183.
  • Kleopatra provides equivalent functionality in a single tool and is more actively developed.

Changes and updates

  • The persistent storage add-on software feature is enabled by default to make it faster and more reliable to set up your first add-on software package.
  • You can now use the operations overview to access windows and applications. To access the activity overview, you can:
  • Click on the “Actions” button.
  • Hover your mouse over the top left hot corner.
  • Press the Super () key on your keyboard.
  • You can see your windows and applications in the overview. You can also start typing to search for applications, files, and folders.

Included Software

Most of the included software has been updated in Debian 11, such as:

  • Update Tor Browser to version 11.0.11.
  • Update GNOME from 3.30 to 3.38 with many small improvements to the desktop, core GNOME utilities, and the lock screen.
  • Update MAT from 0.8 to 0.12 which adds support for clearing metadata from SVG, WAV, EPUB, PPM and Microsoft Office files.
  • Update Audacity from 2.2.2 to 2.4.2.
  • Update Disk Utility from 3.30 to 3.38.
  • Update GIMP from 2.10.8 to 2.10.22.
  • Update Inkscape from 0.92 to 1.0.
  • Update LibreOffice from 6.1 to 7.0.

Hardware support

  • New support for driverless printing and scanning in Linux makes it easier to work with the latest printers and scanners in Tails.

Issues fixed

  • Fix unlocking VeraCrypt volumes with very long passphrases. (#17474)
  • Read more in our changelog.

Known Issues

  • Additional software sometimes does not work on the first restart immediately after creating a persistent store. (#18839)
  • To resolve this issue, install the same additional software package again after the first restart with persistent storage.
  • Thunderbird displays an application selection popup when opening links. (#18913)
  • The Tails installer sometimes fails to clone. (#18844)

Backup utility

  • We’ve added a utility to back up persistent storage to another Tails USB drive.

Tor connection

  • Change the custom bridge interface to only allow 1 bridge input. (#18550)
  • Allow 1 custom bridge to be stored in persistent storage. (#5461)
  • Allow manually fixing the clock when connecting to Tor using bridges fails. (#15548)
  • Reduce the timeout that determines if we can connect to Tor at all from 30 seconds to 10 seconds. Increase the timeout for Tor to fully start from 120 seconds to 600 seconds. (#18501).
  • Allow retrying to connect to Tor from the error screen. (#18539)

Insecure Browser

  • Stop restarting Tor when exiting an insecure browser. (#18562)
  • Only mention persistent storage in an insecure browser warning if persistent storage already exists. (#18551)


  • Make sure automatic updates are downloaded from a working mirror. (#15755)
  • Add Russian to the offline documentation included with Tails.

Issues fixed

Tor connection

  • Fixed connecting to Tor using default bridges. (#18462)
  • Fixed connecting to Tor when Wi-Fi settings are stored in persistent storage. (#18532)
  • Stop trying to connect to Tor in the background when Tor Connection reaches the error screen. (#18740)